The seahorse is most closely related to a pipe fish although, the seahorse does not have scales like most fish and instead the seahorse has a bone structure that is made up of little plates and covered with a thin layer of skin.
There are roughly around 50 species known so far.
Seahorses feed almost constantly on plankton and tiny fish. They don’t have teeth or a stomach and the reason that they have to keep eating all the time is because their digestive systems work so quickly.
Seahorses find a companion that they’ll stay with for life. They meet first thing in the morning to reinforce their pair bonding with an elaborate courtship display. The female meets the male in his territory and as they approach each other, they change colour. The male circles around the female and the pair often spiral around an object. This display can last for up to an hour. Once over the female goes back to her territory.
The seahorse is best known for the remarkable fact that the male seahorse is the one that actually carries the eggs before they hatch. The female transfers her eggs (8-600 depending on the species) to the male which he self-fertilises in his pouch. Once the male hatches it then releases fully formed, miniature seahorses into the water.
They have some amazing eyes enabling them to look with one forward and with the other one behind as they work independently of one another.
The seahorse is unique as each of them has its own distinctive feature similar to a fingerprint of humans. A small crown, referred to as a coral net, is different on every seahorse in both its size and design.
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